Minutemen were the American Revolution militiaman who agreed to be ready for military duty “at a minute’s warning”. The first minutemen were organized in Worcester County, Massachusetts, in September 1774, when revolutionary leaders sought to eliminate Tories from the old militia by requiring the resignation of all officers and reconstituting the men into seven regiments with new officers. One-third of the members of each regiment was to be ready to assemble under arms at instant call and was specifically designated “minutemen.” Other counties began adopting the same system, and, when Massachusetts’ Provincial Congress met in Salem in October, it directed that the reorganization be completed. The first great test of the minutemen was at the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775. On July 18, 1775, the Continental Congress recommended that other colonies organize units of minutemen; Maryland, New Hampshire, and Connecticut are known to have complied.

According to Massachusetts colonial law, all able-bodied men between the ages of 16 and 60 were required to keep a serviceable firearm and serve in a part-time citizen army called the militia. Their duty was to defend the colony against her enemies; chiefly the Indians and the French. The colonial militia sometimes fought side by side with British soldiers, particularly during the last French and Indian War in the 1750's and early 60's. However, as a result of the mounting tensions between Great Britain and her American colonies, that would soon change.

In October of 1774, following the lead of the Worcester County Convention, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress called upon all militia officers to resign their commissions under the old Royal Government and for new elections to be held. This effectively purged the officer corps of loyalists. They also called upon the towns (most of which supported one or more companies of militia) to set aside a portion of its militia and form them into new, special companies called minute men.

Battles of Lexington and Concord, (April 19, 1775), initial skirmishes between British regulars and American provincials, marking the beginning of the American Revolution. Acting on orders from London to suppress the rebellious colonists, General Thomas Gage, appointed royal governor of Massachusetts, ordered his troops to seize the colonists’ military stores at Concord. In route from Boston, the British force of 700 men was met on Lexington Green by 77 local minutemen and others who had been forewarned of the raid by the colonists’ efficient lines of communication, including the ride of Paul Revere.

Minute Men were different from the militia in the following ways: While service in the militia was required by law, minute men were volunteers. The minute men trained far more frequently than the militia. Two or three times per week were common. Because of this serious commitment of time, they were paid. One shilling per drill was average. Militia only trained once every few months (on average) and was paid only if they were called out beyond their town, or formed part of an expedition. Minute Men were expected to keep their arms and equipment with them at all times, and in the event of an alarm were to be ready to march at a minute's warning - hence they were called "minute men".

Among the Anglo-Saxon peoples of early medieval Europe, the militia was institutionalized in the fyrd, in which every able-bodied free male was required to give military service. Similar arrangements evolved in other countries. During the American Revolution, the militia provided the bulk of the American forces as well as a pool for recruiting or drafting of regulars. The militia played a similar role in the War of 1812 and the American Civil War. After that conflict, however, the militia fell into disuse. State-controlled volunteer units, referred to as the National Guard, were formed in most states and came to serve a quasi-social function. Many of these volunteers were veterans of the Civil War, and many were from the middle classes.

Although the terms militia and minutemen are sometimes used interchangeably today, in the 18th century there was a decided difference between the two. Militia were men in arms formed to protect their towns from foreign invasion and ravages of war. Minutemen were a small hand-picked elite force which were required to be highly mobile and able to assemble quickly. Minutemen were selected from militia muster rolls by their commanding officers. Typically 25 years of age or younger, they were chosen for their enthusiasm, reliability, and physical strength. Usually about one quarter of the militia served as Minutemen, performing additional duties as such. The Minutemen were the first armed militia to arrive or await a battle.

As early as 1645, men were selected from the militia ranks to be dressed with matchlocks or pikes and accoutrements within half an hour of being warned. In 1689 another type of Minuteman company came into existence. Called Snowshoe men, each was to "provide himself with a good pair of snowshoes, one pair of moccasins, and one hatchet" and to be ready to march on a moment's warning. Minutemen also played a role in the French and Indian War in the 1750's. A journal entry from Samuel Thompson, a Massachusetts militia officer, states, "...but when our men were gone, they sent eleven more at one minute's warning, with 3 days provision..." By the time of the Revolution, Minutemen had been a well-trained force for six generations in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Every town had maintained its 'training band'. The adversity that this region faced — Native-American uprisings, war with France, and potential for local insurrections, social unrest, and rioting — provided ample reason to adhere to a sound militia organization. In his recent book, perhaps David Hackett Fischer puts it best, "The muster of the Minutemen in 1775 was the product of many years of institutional was also the result of careful planning and collective effort." By the time of the Revolution, Massachusetts had been training, drilling, and improving their militia for well over a hundred years.

In February of 1775 Concord was one of the first towns to comply with the order to create Minutemen companies out of the militia. Of approximately 400 militia from Concord's muster rolls, one hundred would also serve as Minutemen. When a battle took place Minutemen companies from several towns combined their units. An officer from the 43rd Regiment of Foot was sent to the North Bridge in Concord with a number of light infantry. Minutemen from Concord, Acton, Littleton, and other towns combined forces. After a few volleys were fired, the British light infantry retreated back to the Concord Common area. Lacking central command, with each company of Minutemen loyal to their own town, they did not pursue the redcoats. In the running battle that ensued fifteen miles back to Boston the Massachusetts militia would see their last action as Minutemen in history. The militia would go on to form an army, surrounding Boston and inflicting heavy casualties on the British army at Bunker and Breed's Hill.

Although lacking central command, the Minutemen were still better organized and battle-tested than any other part-time military. They were a vital and necessary force, playing a crucial role in not only the Revolutionary War, but in earlier conflicts. Without these "ready in a minute" men, our history may have been written in a very different way.

Today, we need to follow our forefathers lead and do the same by organizing the “reserve militia” in every county comprising of every able-bodied man of at least 17 and under 45 years of age, not a member of the National Guard or Naval Militia being a third militia is a state defense force that is authorized by state and federal laws, being necessary to the security of a free State.


Lauraleighfarnsworth's picture

i have a perfect outlet for the information regarding COS, militia, minutemen... if there are organizers looking to establish a potential platform at one of our events in northern california. my personal customers are hunters and sportsman. although, many over 45, age doesnt matter til your dead. id be happy to work with anyone considering a sucessful aim at educating northern cali. im optimistic and just need to team up since my time is never much of my own these days.

jj8's picture

Hello Lauraleighfarnsworth - Our Northern California COS are working hard to build a California CCOS Alliance.  We are getting the word out on what a CCOS is and how to form one with the support of NLA.  We met with liberty loving patriots (some NLA members) representing four counties in April through a County to County Brunch event we hosted.  Since then we have a large county (50 miles from us) forming a COS who we are now working together in supporting others to build the CCOS Alliance.  We just had our second County to County Brunch in June and had representatives from 12 counties!  

Infamous Keny's picture

... and the Union to which it is a member???
YOU MUST PUBLISH EVIDENCE OF YOUR CAPACITY & STANDING, AND NOTICE THE 'FOREIGN' POWERS (DEEP-STATE ACTORS) OF YOUR STANDING & CAPACITY    both as a Constituent to your Nation /State, the Union as a Constituent to "We the People ..."  -AND FURTHER as a Public MINISTER thereof and appearing in Diplomatic Capacity (and protections) when dealing with the FOREIGN municipal corporation's Defacto -Usurpers;
email:  and request copy of PUBLISHED & SERVED Standing & Character (Capacity) Documents
'Infamous Keny'
Kenneth - Wayne: Leaming's picture

{FOR THE RECORD 3/22/2022 1:01:35 PM FOR ONE OF THE WE THE PEOPLE} 1 Dwane Eugene Kirkland/ UCC 1-207 1-308/ w/o prejudice/ PO BOX 32/ LONDON ARKANSAS/ 72847/ HQ 14798803369 MT 14063690482/ Case # ______________ To whom it may concern, Analyzed by witness/advocate/opening statement/bill of rights office/ HQ 14798803369/ My opinion and Findings of my Reading of the shared discovery, during the hearing the judge and its administration has violated and moved forward to use unconstitutional acts and no legal lawful jurisdiction in the matter and has lost all jurisdiction claims, by ignoring and depriving and enforcing illegal laws that conflict with the oath of office he holds and a conflict of due process violations 1- 10 of the bill of rights and the guaranteed government contract between we the people the American citizens. The judge and attorney and all elements in volved are in violations of their oath for breaking our Laws down and violating fundamental principles and amendments and articles and declarations of rights that are in harmony with all sister state. The judge is violating article 6 paragraph 2, and also vio0lating the 14th amendment of the equal protections of the real law that his office as judge is to protect, but however the action of the court procedures and the complete failure of violating the oath of office e the diminishing ones rights and the failure to move and protect the oath and Constitution in a timely ,manner therefore: is a criminal offence by count 1 high felony treason, under title 18 2381 US. Count 2 by Title 18 US 241, count 3 241 US , and count 4 Title 42 US deprivation of a American citizens rights that the Government institutions shall protect. Not to mention other crime of RICO and mone- {FOR THE RECORD 3/22/2022 1:01:35 PM FOR ONE OF THE WE THE PEOPLE} 2 tized enforcement, and not to mention operating under the color of law, the real laws v the fake laws, The listed defendant the judge the lawyers and supporting element who do not know the real laws and conflict with the laws that are in harmony with the Constitutional fundamental principles and amendments and provisions and articles and declarations of rights, Have failed by conflicting fishing to create a crime and to utilize the forces police forces that are to protect the American people we the people and one of the people. They seem to have the carriages pulling the horses not the horses pulling the carriage, figure of speech of doing things backwards and against their oath, either by evil intent or by error, time will tell. Any failure or crimes committed by any elements that are to protect the people if there is failure then they have no jurisdiction even if they have claimed it without any legal lawful determination during due process. Further finding and laws in conflict the judge is using is repugnant and void because of the conflict with the original contract and his oath he is bound to and where his authority comes from. When the judge failure to move and protect the Constitutional and merits and the latter then he is a defendant and loses all authority and orders according to case laws and the iron clad contract and the Shepard’s citation of Amur Jur prudence case laws. {A full report if requested in a timely manner} 1/ ORDER AI\[D NOW, thig 7th day of Febnrary, 2022, after a hearing ou the government's motion for au orderto show cause (Doc. No. 137), it is hcreby ORIIERED as follows; 1. The government's prior motion for an order to show cause (Doc. No. 126) is GRANTEI) insofar as the court issued an order io show cause on Noveinbcr 16, 2021 (Doc. No. 128); Due to the fact of the failure to recuse the attorney who refused to protect the oath and the Constitutional BREECH merits and the fundamental principles has been forced by unconstitutional acts to make the attorney to stay and do what the judge says, this is clearly a failure of the due process clauses and the right to an impartial attorney counsel or witness to defend the plaintiff and preserve the oath of office and the Constitutions of the sister state in harmony at a state and federal level. {FOR THE RECORD 3/22/2022 1:01:35 PM FOR ONE OF THE WE THE PEOPLE} 3 Clearly violation OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS, AND LISTE COUNTS AND TITLE VIOLATIONS OF DEPRIVATION OF ONE POF THE PEOPLE RIGHTS WE THE PEOPLE THE OOFFICE IS TO BE BOUND TO, 2. The motion to withdra'sr as attorney for the defendants by Stcven Lafueute, Esq. (Doc. No. 120) is DENIED WITHO[J-I PREruDICE for the reasons stated on the record; Due to the court the judge and prosecuting elements and supporting elements, threatening by laws that are used to protect the people not the government when the government is to protect the oath and preserve it and try to utilize the law and twist it around to justify their illegal action of violating article 6 parerga 2 and the equal protections of the real law the 14th Amendment and the bill of rights and due process clauses, The judge seems to think that they are above the law, and it seems he is not well read in the law of the real law and has been doing this for so long he thinks he shall get away with it without any legal lawful determination and a demand for rule 57 declaratory judgment on the codes and statutes and fake laws presented in the wrong way, For an appeal or higher court or the supreme court. Under rule of real law these rules govern the procedure for obtaining a declaratory judgment under 28 USC S 2201 rules 38 and 39 govern a demand for a jury trial even though they have not proved jurisdiction and lost it if they could prove it even though they can’t prove jurisdiction with a counter bill or a claim of unconstitutional acts in a fair court procedure, The judge either knows the real law and protects the oath or he does not know the law and refused to preserve the oath of his office and his delegated powers? Threatening and scare tactics by his opinion and conflicting so called laws, statutes codes proclamations and unknown foreign operations. It also seems that the ethic violation code of cannon ethic violation of the judge acting as the prosecuting attorney and the equity involved that the judge makes monies across his bench for every 40 dollars, he gets a 18 dollars and seventy 5 cents in his retirement? very questionable where is the prosecuting attorney’s role who prosecutes this case? where is the trial factor the lames term the referee in this matter? 3. The court agaiu admonishes its audimce that the act of filiug false lieus against ttre property of e federal judge or federal lsw enforcernent afftcer is e federal cdme, purishable by up to l0 years irnprison,neirt see 1.8 U-S.C. $ 152I;l aad. {FOR THE RECORD 3/22/2022 1:01:35 PM FOR ONE OF THE WE THE PEOPLE} 4 4. Counsel for thc defendants, Steven Lafuante, Esquire, shall promptly scrve fl copy ofthis order upon the defendants. BY TI{E COURT: ls/ E.dward G. SJnith EDWARD G. SMTH, J. I This includcs official ateflts of the court, euch aE tte court'g appointed expcrt, Georrgc D. L*pslery. Mr. Kirkland findings/ 14798803368 HQ MT office 14063690482 Full report if requested in a timely manner For we the people over-WATCH WITNESS FOR CHECKS AND BALANCE OF BRANCHES WHO HAVE LEGAL LAWFUL AUTHORITY? OF THE MIGHTY TRIABGLE. WE THE PEOPLE Kirkland’s notes/ DISCOVERY/ Argument and lawsuit cases: If plaintiff is deprived of their rights in some capacity to which they are entitled: {Owen V Independence 100 vol. Supreme court reports. 1398 (1982)- Main V Thiboutot 100 vol. supreme court reports. 2502(1982)-officers have no immunity when violating Constitutional rights, from liability. Title 42 US Code Sec. 1983, Sec. 1985, and Sec. 1986 say the plaintiff can sue anyone who violates the Constitutional provisions. Case Byars V United States 273 US Supreme Court rulings 28- Encroachment. Miranda V Arizona 384 US 436-says no rule or law by legislation which would abrogate or abolish any Constitutional right provisions- {All delegated power’s} {Under the 10th Amendment of the United States Of America} {Attach all writ of assist- coupon- bill of attainder-direct Tax} {violating Article 1 Sections 9, and 10 US Constitution} {Title 18, U.S. Code Sec. 2381- if they fail to protect Constitution they are subject to the charge count 1- felony treason} { Case law Murdock V. Penn. 319 U.S. 105: (1943)-state may not impose a charge for enjoyment of a right by the beneficiary of contract. {Count 2 title 18 US code sect 241,242: if upon conviction the violator is subject to a $10,000 fine, ten years in jail, or both and if theft result, life in prison} Constitution of Florida -- DECLARATION OF RIGHTS--Article 1 Section 23 Right of privacy. Every natural person has the right to be let alone and free from governmental intrusion into the person’s private life except as otherwise provided herein. See attachment of constitutional law that the judge has to protect and can’t fail to protect / Pages 1-9 discovery/ Paraphrased/ Data analysis is the most crucial part of any research, data analyzes summarizes collected data. It involves the interaction of facts and data gathered through use of analytical and logical reasoning and findings to detonation of patterns, relationships, and trends

Lee J Draper's picture

It is my firm belief that a show of force not a use of force is what it is going to take to turn our Republic back over to the people.
By establishing a 12-man reserve militia in each County of the several States, we would be a standing Force over 36,000 armed Patriots. I don't believe that there is a faction in this country that could stand opposed. 
These members of The reserve militia are those Patriots committed to report to duty upon muster by a constitutional elected sheriff.
Although the Constitution states provisions for the State Governor or President of the United States, to call to arms the citizens militia, it must be added that, those executives have no power until it is defined by Congress and State legislature respectively. 
The sheriff however can call on militia members at any time he feels the need. At which time he will deputize those members of the militia that have answered the call to muster.
A constitutionally elected sheriff and the citizens militia of his County are an extremely powerful force. This Union predates the founding of our Republic.
There are four clauses in the United States Constitution that reference the militia, and any of the several States constitutions have a provision for a citizens militia.
The Militia is made up of every able body citizen between the ages of 18 and 45 years originally established at the drafting of each state's Constitution.  The United States Constitution however defines the militia as every able body white male  17-45 years of age, due to emancipation and conflict with American Native Tribes, at the time.
Corrupt politicians have attempted to blur the true meaning of the militia, putting in place, the National guard.. Common sense steers us back on course as one of the intended duties of the militia is to protect the citizens from government overreach. Being that the National guard is an auxiliary branch of the US military it would be far-fetched to believe the National guard stands to protect us from government overreach. It's relatively easy to see that the politicians definition of the militia works for their cause, at the cost of the People's benefit.
That stated, it's important for people to understand that if they are in that age class, they are part of the militia. They are required to own a gun and ammunition and be well versed in its use.
The biggest hurdle facing the citizens militia at this time is the organization of such. And make no mistake, the government does not want the citizens to have an organized militia because they can't control it.
I'm confident that when we established the 12-man reserve militia for each County that from that membership we can form the committees of safety as well as staff the citizens grand jury.
The citizens militia provides a sufficient show Force to return the grand jury operations to the people, It would have the ability to enforce the directives of the committees of safety and boost confidence in each County sheriff enabling him to stand as the chief law enforcement officer of each County.
Do you know 11 other people in your County, that are willing to place their name and contact number on a list that is given to the sheriff? Any reluctance to do so is cowardice. We all have a responsibility to step up, revive our militia and take this Republic back to We the People. 
The US Constitution tells us that, we not only have a right but a duty to remove a government, that no longer serves the people, and replace it with one that will.

Infamous Keny's picture

To be a (Republic's) "Constitutional Sheriff" (or ANY Constitutional Office) or member of the "Militia", you CANNOT BE a "citizen /Subject" to any of the Municipal (deep-state) Corporations POSING (usurper-defacto) as government ... you must CLAIM, PUBLISH, and NOTICE your Standing /Character /Capacity as a Constituent to your Union Nation /State, and as such a Constituent Member to "We the People ... " of the American Union ...
For example(s) of how this is done EMAIL:   for more info & examples.
'Infamous Keny'
Kenneth - Wayne: Leaming.

docpreston's picture

I am already a member of the Militiaonline and joined the state of Texas  but cannot find anything in my county so I may have to start one any help would be great  ? thanks Doc 

Lee J Draper's picture

Hey Doc, 
Take the initiative and establish a 12 member reserve militia for your county. That is; 12 able body citizens willing to put their first name and contact number on a list that is the given to the Sherriff. Insure that these citizens are willing to show up if called for the purpose. Surf this website for the militia form, and give it to each member. (I would give you a link but it got moved). Reach out tome when you reach that point and I'll guide you further